INTERIORS

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Introduction : What differentiates a home from a house? House is merely a constructed structure. The Home is what we make out of the house for a peaceful and relaxed life. A home is not a space bound by four walls. It is a product of our creativity and thorough planning. It is a coordinated way of arranging the components of a house such as the rooms and facilities.
Given here are some tips that will help you convert your house into a sweet home. It may be noted that these tips are for your basic understanding of the niceties involved in home design. It is not a substitute for the advice from a qualified and efficient professional architect or an Interior designer. You are requested to consult one such professional before finalizing the interiors.
The first step towards decorating your house is to find out your style and taste and decorate your house with your personal touch. The most successfully decorated interiors are the ones, which express the occupants' personality, interests, and outlook about life. You need to find a style to call your own.

You and your family need a style that you are comfortable with, which reflect your lifestyle. Some people are born with an inherent sense of knowing what they like, have excellent taste, the ability to choose and blend elements, to create design that reflects their style. Other people cannot easily do this. Following are the guidelines on how to easily find your house decorating style:

Where do you live?
Do you live in the city or suburbs? Do you live in a town or village? This is important, in order to flow with the style of the place where you live and to decide the look of the home, keeping a consistent theme.

Is the home dark, excessively sunny, light and airy?
If the home is dark, then lighten it up in colour, furniture, mirrors, etc. If the home is excessively sunny, take care of the sun problems when planning ideas for decorating your house.

How would you like to furnish your house?
Look at the existing furniture to see what you have selected in the past and have a tendency to prefer. What do you choose to take while decorating your home? Work with these items in color and style.

Colouring your home.
What are your favorite colors, and which of these favorite colours would you like to live with for a long period of time?

Study your surroundings.
Studying your surroundings - you will gain insight into using a particular style in your home; also, visiting homes already built using that style will benefit you a lot. Snap pictures of ideas you see that you particularly admire. Visiting friends and neighbours’ homes will give you a range of design ideas. Visit shops dealing in interiors; reflect upon your decorating selections and preferences from a wide range of displayed styles and effects. Your occupation will also reflect in your decorating selections and preferences.

Style according to your personality and status.
Do you entertain a lot, and desire elaborate arrangements to show your status in life? Is the home primarily a backdrop for entertainment? Your lifestyle will heavily reflect upon your designing style.

Your lifestyle.
Are you home often? Do you put the home to full use or do you just come home to sleep, bathe, and change clothes? Are you seeking a comfortable, cozy feeling, or is an extremely clean atmosphere desired?

Interior selection.
Try to decide how you really want your interior to look. You and your family are the ones who must live in the home with the interior selections. You should have what you really want. If what you desire is not affordable, do the decorating in stages.

Ultimate analysis.
When you decide which design direction you are going to go in for, assemble all the fabric samples, flooring samples, and wallpaper samples. Look at all the samples together in the home. Live with the combination for a few days to see if you and your family are happy with the selected design. Try to match all the things together and try to relate it with your personality, lifestyle, taste and choices - and there you go! Your have the best design for your home.

Living Room : The living room is the important room in your house as you entertain your guests there. Living rooms should be a source of pleasure and relaxation. It must be a place where you can relax whilst you might also want the room to reflect your tastes and personality. But it also needs to be used. It is important that the guests as well as family members, both should feel comfortable with it. Sometimes picture perfect rooms give a crisp feeling and make people uncomfortable. Living rooms should be a source of pleasure and relaxation.
The living room in your house could be a private as well as a public place. The living room showcases your house. It speaks of you and for you before visitors and guests. Your outside world assesses your house and, indeed, your standards, by the appearance of your living room.
At the same time, though not used as frequently perhaps as the other rooms, your living room is common ground for all those who live in your house. Therefore, while planning this space, you need to combine good taste with comfort, making doubly sure that the decor of this area is as neutral as possible. Simple errors could let you down. Sensible planning and immaculate positioning of utilities could make a world of difference here.
Positioning your furniture within the living room must be done in such a manner so that they respond to each other and also to the lighting condition etc. If there are children they may need a good area of floor space to play around, although they should not be able to get at dangerous or breakable objects. Seating arrangements in any case need to be flexible so that varying numbers of people can be accommodated without making small groups seem lost or large ones squashed up together.
Though the sitting area is the first consideration most living rooms are nowadays expected to house other activities. Secondary uses must be thought out carefully so that the various inhabitants can go about their business without disturbing each other.
A multi-purpose living room should be able to accommodate any number of activities. Furniture should not only fulfill their specific functions but also should adapt easily to variety of others. So keep the scheme flexible as possible
Here are some tips for making your living room comfortable and charming.

  • The color is very important. Choose lighter and neutral shades for the walls. This leaves lot of room for selecting furniture. It also makes it possible to change the furniture easily without changing the color scheme.
  • Waxed hardwood floors look charming. You can also use wall to wall, neutral color carpet, which can be decorated with area rugs.
  • Positioning of the furniture is very important especially if you have a large living room. It is better to divide the room in two or three separate seating areas. This provides cozy seating areas where you can entertain small groups easily. Even if you want to entertain large groups these arrangements help in tying people together.
  • It is also important to choose the right orientation for your furniture. You can face your furniture to some architectural focal point like TV.
  • Use area rugs to define seating areas. They not only add a splash of color to the décor but also help tying things together. Especially when you divide your living room in two or three seating areas using different rugs define these areas clearly.
  • If your furniture is in neutral colors then add lots of colorful and decorative pillows. This adds color to it and also creates very inviting and cozy feeling. This is especially important in winter.
  • While hanging heavy picture frames or murals choose a wall facing the furniture. This allows people to admire those and it is also safe not to hang them right above the seating area. Hang cloth wall hangings on the wall above seating area.
  • If you are fond of mirrors then always hang them in such way that people do not see their reflection in them all the time. This can make many people very uncomfortable.
  • A tall silk tree adds life and softens the look of the living room. Place it next to the entrance or in the foyer or next to the TV.
  • A small fishpond and a fountain are also charming additions to living room décor.
  • You can also place a decorative room divider to divide room into TV room and a living room.
  • A permanent flower arrangement in a basket or a tall vase brings outdoors, indoor even after spring and summer are gone.
  • The lighting in living room should be both general and diffused. There should be floor lamps to give bright light as well as there should be an arrangement for candle lights to create more romantic mood.
  • If you are staying in an apartment investing in sleeper sofa is a better idea than having regular sized sofa and love seat. This sofa sleeper provides an extra bed when needed and also takes less space.

Bed Room : The bedroom is not only a place for sleeping, but also a place to relax. You may spend a part of your free time in the bedroom practicing your hobby; reading your favorite novel, or you may even arrange to watch T.V. A bedroom would better be restful, welcoming and uninhibitedly personal. If you want flowers around you in your bedroom do it carefully.
Always try to find out the style that suits you. The bedroom is where you end your day and wherefrom you emerge all ready and refreshed to brave the odds of the next day. It is a place where you relax and unwind, where you rest and rejuvenate yourself - both physically and mentally. Therefore, it is essential that your bedroom is both comfortable and inviting - a languid space that is your very own, your only true private domain, with its decor and layout personalised to the last detail.
First establish all the bedrooms in relation to the others. Then go into each bedroom individually. Think about the electricity supply, water supply etc. to your bedroom. Always try to enhance what is there rather than arbitrarily adding items.
First draw a scaled plan of your bedroom. Jot down a list of your requirements in terms of activities, necessary furniture and space allotment. Try to workout the best possible positions for all the necessary furniture you have selected. Also think about the circulation and clearance spaces you will need. For example a minimum of 2'6" or 750mm space is needed around the bed for circulation. A small bedroom, which can look quite spacious in plan, is bound to become a muddle if the bed can't be made properly or if open doors and drawers clash.
Top priority position should be given to the placement of the bed. In order to avoid draughts try to avoid the bed going under the window or in a direct line between the window and the door.
After locating your bed think about grouping the rest of the furniture logically. It must be relevant to your own peculiar daily round of activities. For example washbasin, chair, light switches relate to going to bed at nights. As a general room try to avoid an equal distribution of clutter around the room. If you are using furniture with lighter legs or bases or if they are wall mounted, your room will look larger than having the same items solid to the floor.
A single colored bedroom is easier to live in than a multi colored bedroom. If you insist on a multi colored scheme try to avoid painting different walls in different colors. Try one color to all the walls, another to doors and windows instead. But always remember what you select will be what you wake up with.
Your bedroom does not need to be wear and tear resistant as the living room. So if you really want, you can use wallpapers in your bedroom. Hardboard sub floor with a vinyl tiles or sealed plywood squares will suit. Easy maintenance should be criteria before you decide on any surface. If your room were air conditioned, carpeting would also be a good option to select.
Choose the most dominant colors in your scheme and paint a band of that color around the edge of the ceiling or pick out the ceiling cornice if there is one. Finish the inner edge with a narrow band of mirrored or colored stick tape to blend. Don't stick to what is written, try your own ideas.
The basic issue in designing a bedroom window is how to provide privacy to the room without disturbing the penetration of natural light and air. In such a case you can try curtains. You can even use printed chiffon scarves sewn together as your bedroom curtains. The curtains should be thick enough to cover the daylight penetration in total when you want to sleep during daytime.
Also think about using tinted glass, opaque Perspex, or mirrored paper for the glass. Stained glass window is also a less expensive option. In providing privacy, they are excellent daylight filters cum view obscurers. To create a stained glass window, paste the inside of the glass with ordinary wallpaper and build up a pattern overlapping and re-pasting as necessary.

Dining Room : A dining room is the space where daily meals are served and eaten. But since this space also brings all the family members together at particular times of the day, its purpose has, over the years, become somewhat similar to that of a college canteen and common room put together! In these busy and rushed times, each family member looks to the dining room as perhaps the only place for regular 'family reunions'. It also serves as a study room, with the dining table permitting an expansive spread of books. The lady of the house supervises the studies from her adjoining kitchen and, at other times, plays host to housewives from the neighbourhood in the dining room itself.
The dining room, therefore, needs good planning and good planning here means the right balance of functionality, comfort and conveniences. The decor and furniture in this room should be neutral and hygiene-friendly.
The eating place must be close to kitchen. The chairs must be comfortable for any type of eating. The table surface should be durable for the inevitable fall-out from the family meal. To withstand the heat and also the water ceramic or stainless steel are the best for your kitchen. In areas where there is no big heat, cork, vinyl or timber could be used. Timber boards fixed on batters could be used hide wires, pipe etc. If you are painting the walls, use a good quality paint. Sealed or vinyl cork is a good choice for kitchen floors. Even battleship quality linoleum or ceramic could be used. If your kitchen already is paved with brick or rubble try to use an appropriates plastic coating. A Matt finish coat is the best
It is advisable to use a sound insulating material to keep the kitchen quiet. If so, you have to have an efficient extraction system or else the ceiling will be permeated with grease and the kitchen full if unpleasant smells.
Ovens and grills produce clouds of smoking smells. To remove them use an overhead hood. If vented directly to the outside you need not to use a fan. If a hood is too expensive for your budget try a ventilating fan. Some appliances now contain their own ventilating systems.
For efficient work top lighting, fit tungsten tubes behind a pelmet below the front edge of the wall cupboard units. If there are no cupboards put the tubes behind a pelmet fixed horizontally about in frame the wall so that the light would be directed on to the worktop. Inside the cupboards we a small adjustable spotlights recessed into the top of the cupboard. Always remember fluorescent lights does not suit kitchens as they distort the colour of food.
You can light your kitchen worktop simply by sitting it below your kitchen window. Laundered windows are practically very good in kitchens as they can control the ventilation without causing a draught problem. Blinds are efficient in kitchens than curtains in your kitchen. It collects less dirt. If you insist on curtains make sure that they are fire proof and also make sure that the wind can never blow them over the hob when the window is open.

Kitchen : Do the aromas here whip up your appetite? Does the lady of your house feel like spending an additional hour here to conjure up that extra special meal? Does your kitchen complement your good culinary taste with the benchmarks of hygiene and cleanliness that ensure good health at home? Here are some fun and creative ways to liven up your kitchen.
What makes or unmakes a kitchen is planning. Good planning calls for a layout that facilitates smooth, unhindered movement between all points of activity in the kitchen, easy access from the kitchen to the entrance of your house and vice-versa, fixtures and utilities in the exact place where they are required, adequate exposure to the 'healthy' elements (sun and fresh air), an efficient exhaust system to purge oil/grease-sodden smoke, and spaces that are relatively nook-and-corner-free so that regular cleaning, sweeping and swabbing are not a forbidding task.
Basic kitchen must be planned for efficient use of : 1. Storage
2. Preparation
3. Cooking

Safety is the key when young children are around as the kitchen kills as many people as roads. The hob is the most dangerous thing in the kitchen. The gas burners should be at arrow at the back of the worktop so that children could not reach. It is a good idea to keep the controls also out of reach of children.
Kitchen finishes should be very tough to withstand the hard wear. There should be at least one surface for cutting so that you are not tempted to use the laminated top and leave permanent marks, which spoil the surface.
To withstand the heat and also the water ceramic or stainless steel are the best for your kitchen. In areas where there is no big heat, cork, vinyl or timber could be used. Timber boards fixed on batters could be used hide wires, pipe etc. If you are painting the walls, use a good quality paint.
Sealed or vinyl cork is a good choice for kitchen floors. Even battleship quality linoleum or ceramic could be used. If your kitchen already is paved with brick or rubble try to use an appropriates plastic coating. A Matt finish coat is the best.
It is advisable to use a sound insulating material to keep the kitchen quiet. If so, you have to have an efficient extraction system or else the ceiling will be permeated with grease and the kitchen full if unpleasant smells. Ovens and grills produce clouds of smoking smells. To remove them use an overhead hood. If vented directly to the outside you need not to use a fan. If a hood is too expensive for your budget try a ventilating fan. Some appliances now contain their own ventilating systems.
For efficient work top lighting, fit tungsten tubes behind a pelmet below the front edge of the wall cupboard units. If there are no cupboards put the tubes behind a pelmet fixed horizontally about in frame the wall so that the light would be directed on to the worktop. Inside the cupboards we a small adjustable spotlights recessed into the top of the cupboard. Always remember fluorescent lights does not suit kitchens as they distort the colour of food.

Bath Rooms / Toilets : What makes or unmakes a bathroom-toilet is your attitude. Gone are the days when the bath area and WC area could be segregated into different rooms. Space constraints have taken a high toll. Under the circumstances, your attitude can make all the difference. If you economise in areas like cheerful decor, sanitary fittings and accessories, water supply and distribution lines, and flooring and wall finishes, your bathroom-toilet will emerge as a room altogether uninviting, if not repelling.
You cannot carve out a huge area to slot your bathroom-toilet in. So, what you finally end up with is a cramped room, not adequately exposed to the refreshing elements (natural air and sunlight) that are very essential here. On the other hand, try as you may, you cannot do much about the pressure on and wear and tear in this room because all your family members have to frequent this place and even clothes and linen have to be washed here.
The flooring must be waterproof. Cheaper floor finishes include vinyl sheets or tiles. Carpets can also be used under very special circumstances where it could be kept dry.
If you are going for cheap waterproof walls try while tiles, Perspex sheet or paints. For medium price waterproof walls go for plastic laminate, cork or flotex. If you prefer expensive waterproof finishes select from tiles, mosaics, glass or mirror.
In your bathroom, you need general lights plus very good lighting for shaving and make-up. If you have the habit of reading in the bathroom don't forget to provide lighting to read. Indirect or bounced light is more successful in a bathroom. Use mirrors and the ceiling reflect light. You can even create focal points with lighting.
Provide lower powered fittings for shower sockets. Fix an extended cover for lamp holders to prevent direct contact with the line part. Lights have to have pulled switches. Always employ a qualified electrician in wiring, as you are more vulnerable to electric shocks in the bathroom. Avoid fixing electric items in areas, which are likely to suffer from dampness.
If you have a shower in your bathroom some extra ventilation is needed. An extractor fan could be helpful in such a case. Always choose a large one. To keep your bathroom free from smells mechanical ventilation system could be helpful with scented sprays and deodorizing.

 

 

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